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Emergency Medical Technician

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An Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) is a health care provider trained to provide prehospital emergency medical care. EMTs are divided into numerous levels depending on location and are trained to assist higher level EMTs, paramedics, and other medical personnel.

Types of emergencies that an EMT may be called on to respond to are medical emergencies, hazardous materials exposure, childbirth, child abuse, fires, rescues, trauma and psychiatric crises. EMTs are employed as a part of numerous teams or systems such as by ambulance companies, as a member of technical rescue teams, in career or volunteer fire department, and tactical response teams to name a few.

EMTs are trained in emergency medical procedures that need to be deployed within a rapid time frame from onset of a patient's condition. The EMT's immediate focus is rapid evaluation of a patient's condition and maintaining a patient's airway, breathing and circulation. Immediate EMT interventions include providing CPR and cardiac defibrillation when necessary, controlling severe external bleeding, preventing shock, immobilization of the neck ot prevent further spinal damage, immediate treatment of bone fractures. Interventions are designed to prevent further injury or disability and preserve life or conditions conducive to life while EMT's expedite transport of the patient to a hospital emergency department for definitive medical care.

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