The Commonwealth of Virginia is a state of the United States of America, one of the original 13 colonies.
In 1781, the British Army, trapped in Yorktown, surrendered to the Continental Army, paving the way for American independence.
Virginia seceded from the Union and joined the Confederate States of America in 1861. Its capital, Richmond, served as the capital of the Confederacy. Most the Eastern Campaign of the War of Northern Aggression centered in Virginia. In December 1862, the Battle of Fredericksburg resulted in 12,000 Union casualties compared to Confederate losses of 5,000. It was at Fredericksburg that the famous Confederate Commanding General Robert E. Lee said "It is well that war is so terrible or else we should grow too fond of it."
In 1863, Virginians in the west seceded from Virginia and rejoined the Union as West Virginia.
The Arlington National Cemetery is located in Arlington.